Advantages of Using Synthetic Motor Oils
Engine oil is a substance that is made up of base oils which are then enhanced with additives and it is also known as motor oil or engine lubricant. Additives that are added to the base oils include those that are anti-wear, oxidation and corrosion inhibitors, dispersants, detergents as well as improvers of viscosity index. Lubrication of combustion engines is the main use of the engine oils where it prevents wear and friction on the moving parts in the engine as well as to clean sludge and vanish from the engine. Neutralization of acids present in the fuel and those that originate from oxidation of lubricants, enhances the sealing of the piston rings and also enhances cooling of the engine by dispersing heat from the moving parts are other roles of using motor oils. Most motor oils are made from the heavy components of the crude oil that are added with some additives to improve some of its qualities.
The use of synthetic motor oil has greatly increased over the last few years with fewer people using it more than the other regular oil from crude petroleum. Synthetic motor oils are usually made from chemical compounds that have been produced artificially. The compound can either be obtained through modification of the crude petroleum components or can be synthesized from other sources. The use of synthetic motor oils is recommended while extremely high temperatures are likely to be experienced. This is because the petroleum-refined oils have a low boiling point hence likely to vaporize leading to poor functioning of the engine. Synthetic motor oils also have a higher viscosity index as well as their shear and chemical stability is much better. The synthetic engine oils resist oxidation and thermal breakdown and they do not experience the sludge problem in the engine. Since synthetic oils do not change state even when the temperature are really cold, they are recommended for use during the cold and winter season to ensure engine performance is maintained. Synthetic oils also have little environmental pollution since they do not generate large quantities of used engine oil.
Although the cost of synthetic motor oil may be higher than the normal regular oil, one is able to enjoy various benefits from it use. The distance one can cover with the same engine oil when using the synthetic motor oils is usually longer as compared to the regular oils before changing it. The process used during the manufacture of synthetic engine oil usually remove most of the impurities and is also suited to benefit the modern engines being manufactured.